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Food Animal Production

Much of the world’s meat, dairy and egg production is characterized by large-scale, geographically-concentrated operations that rely on external inputs and inexpensive labor, and that are controlled by a small number of companies. These methods of production are dominant in high-income countries and increasingly common in lower- and middle-income countries. A growing body of evidence indicates that this industrial manner of animal production threatens rural communities, consumers and ecosystems, and compromises animal welfare. For more than 20 years, the Johns Hopkins Center for a Livable Future has applied a public health lens to the ecological, economic, and social considerations across the spectrum of animal production methods.

Learn more about artist Maya Braunstein.

Stories and Viewpoints


True Cost of Food

An investigation into externalities associated with the current food system, also known as "true cost accounting."

Industrial Food Animal Production

Engaging in work focused on issues related to the production of meat, dairy and eggs.

Maryland Supports Poultry Industry Reform

Our 2016 survey of Maryland voters found broad support for reforms to the poultry industry.


Explore Other Areas of Expertise

Diet, Health & Planetary Boundaries

Exploring connections between diet, land use, soil health, air and water quality, biodiversity, and human health.

Food Policy & Governance

Advancing food system change in local, tribal, institutional, state, federal and international policy.

Seafood & the Food System

Explore complex relationships involving seafood supply chains and global implications for public health, environment and natural resources.